Syndicate contentScience

Israel Presents Crusader Seal to Greek Patriarch

The Israel Antiquities Authority discovered a rare seal from the time the Crusaders ruled Jerusalem in a neighborhood of the modern city.
ABS CBN News: May 27, 2014

Ohio geologists link small earthquakes to fracking

Findings have led the state to issue new fracking permit conditions, the most cautious yet put in place in the nation
Guardian: April 11, 2014

Aggression from video games 'linked to incompetence'

Feelings of aggression after playing video games are more likely to be linked to gameplay mechanics rather than violent content, a study suggests.
BBC: April 8, 2014

Earthquake rattles Hydra, felt in Athens

A moderate tremor rattled the island of Hydra in Greece's Saronic Gulf on Friday night.
April 5, 2014

Chile lifts tsunami warning after 8.2 quake

Tsunami warnings have been lifted for Chile's coastline, hours after a strong 8.2-magnitude earthquake killed at least six people in Chile and set off a small tsunami that prompted evacuations along the country's Pacific coast.
April 2, 2014

Living materials could grow products

Living materials based on bacteria and grown in a Boston lab could point to a greener way of manufacturing.
BBC: March 26, 2014

Constantinople in Crisis

June 13, 2011 by Anonymous

The Source: 
Socyberty
Summary: 
Constantinople fell far earlier than 1453, in politics and in culture. The events of 1421-1424 demonstrates the fragile state of the Empire. Constantinople was in the midst of a downward spiral.
Content: 
Constantinople survived the crisis with its walls intact, yet the Byzantine Empire was shattered and reduced to Constantinople itself and a spattering of land surrounding it. The crisis for survival began with the release of Mustafa, a contender to the Ottoman throne from Constantinople. Byzantium had hoped that support for Mustafa would bear strategic fruit and weaken the Ottoman threat. However, Mustafa was quickly defeated by Murad, who had recently won the Ottoman civil war, emerging as Sultan. This failure in strategic calculation led to the siege of Constantinople, Thessaloniki and the ravaging of the Peloponnese. Byzantine Constantinople was able to withstand the siege on the strength of its land walls and with substantial diplomatic cunning. The Theodosian walls, as well as the resolve of the populace and the leadership of John Palaeologos withstood the siege. Diplomatically, Manuel Palaeologos’ support for a contender to Murad’s throne, as well as Byzantine diplomatic missions to the West allowed for its continued survival. Though Constantinople remained, Byzantium lost most of its territory and significantly Thessaloniki was handed to the Venetians. The Byzantine crisis of 1421-24 was within a wider period of Byzantine decline, and must first be examined within this context. Read more: http://socyberty.com/history/constantinople-in-crisis/#ixzz1PBTPG6TY